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English as a second or foreign language is the use of by speakers with different. Instruction for may be known as English as a second language ( ESL), English as a foreign language ( EFL), English as an additional language ( EAL), or English for speakers of other languages ( ESOL).
English as a foreign language (EFL) is used for non-native English speakers learning English in a country where English is not commonly spoken. The term ESL has been seen by some to indicate that English would be of secondary importance. For example, where English is used as a Lingua Franca in a multilingual country. The term ESL can be a misnomer for some students who have learned several languages before learning English. The terms English Language Learners (ELL), and more recently English Learners (EL), have been used instead, and the students’ home language and cultures are considered important. The way English learners are instructed depends on their level of English proficiency and the program contents provided in their school or district. In some programs, instructions are taught in both, English and their home language.
In other programs, instructions are given in English, but contextualized in a manner that is comprehensible to the students (Wright, 2010). Adapting comprehension, insight oriented repetitions and recasts are some of the methods used in training. However, without proper cultural immersion (social learning grounds) the associated language habits and reference points (internal mechanisms) of the host country isn't completely transferred through these programs (Wright, 2010).
To further complicate the syntax of the language is based on Latin grammar hence it suffers inconsistencies. The major engine that influences the language are the and the and they both have assimilated the language differently so they differ in expressions and usage. This is found in a great extent primarily in pronunciation and vocabulary.
Variants of English language also exist in both of these countries (e.g. English as a language has great reach and influence; it is taught all over the world. In countries English as a second language training has evolved into two broad directions: instruction for people who intend to live in countries where English dominates and instruction for those who do not.
These divisions have grown firmer as the instructors of these two 'industries' have used different, followed distinct training qualifications, formed separate, and so on. Crucially, these two arms have very different funding structures, public in the former and private in the latter, and to some extent this influences the way schools are established and classes are held. Although English is the principal language in both the US and the United Kingdom, it differs between the two countries from their parent roots. For example, some words and phrases that are inoffensive in the US are offensive in the UK and vice versa. Even if this language share Caucasian homogeneity there exists stark differences in the literary world.
Some examples that showcases this differences are: 'We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, language' (, in ). Similarly, said: 'It is a misfortune for Anglo-American friendship that the two countries are supposed to have a common language.' Another similar variation attributed to, is that England and America' are two countries [or nations] divided [or separated] by a common language [or tongue].' Young,, studying English, 1846 Language teaching practice often assumes that most of the difficulties that learners face in the study of are a consequence of the degree to which their native language differs from English (a approach). A native speaker of, for example, may face many more difficulties than a native speaker of, because German is more closely related to English than Chinese.
This may be true for anyone of any (also called first language, normally abbreviated L1) setting out to learn any other language (called a, second language or L2). See also (SLA) for mixed evidence from linguistic research. Language learners often produce errors of,, and thought to result from the influence of their L1, such as mapping its grammatical patterns inappropriately onto the L2, pronouncing certain sounds incorrectly or with difficulty, and confusing items of vocabulary known as.
This is known as or 'language interference'. However, these are typically stronger for beginners' language production, and SLA research has highlighted many errors which cannot be attributed to the L1, as they are attested in learners of many language backgrounds (for example, failure to apply 3rd present singular -s to verbs, as in 'he make' not 'he make s'). Some students may have problems due to the incoherence in rules like were, a noun is a noun and a verb is a verb because grammarians say they are. In 'I am suffering terribly' suffering is the verb, but in 'My suffering is terrible', it is a noun. But both sentences expresses the same idea using the same words.
Other students might have problems due to very different cultural perceptions in the classroom as far as learning a second language is concerned. Cultural differences in communication styles and preferences are also significant.
For example, a study looked at Chinese ESL students and British teachers and found that the Chinese learners did not see classroom discussion and interaction as important but placed a heavy emphasis on teacher-directed lectures. Pronunciation [ ]. For further discussion of English spelling patterns and rules, see. As with most languages, written language tends to use a more formal than. • Spelling and pronunciation: probably the biggest difficulty for non-native speakers, since the relation between English spelling and pronunciation does not follow the consistently.
Because of the many changes in pronunciation which have occurred since a written standard developed, the retention of many historical idiosyncrasies in, and the large influx of foreign words (mainly from, and ) with different and overlapping spelling patterns, English spelling and pronunciation are difficult even for native speakers to master. This difficulty is shown in such activities as. The generalizations that exist are quite complex and there are many exceptions, leading to a considerable amount of.
The spelling and pronunciation system causes problems in both directions: a learner may know a word by sound but be unable to write it correctly (or indeed find it in a dictionary) or they may see a word written but not know how to pronounce it or mislearn the pronunciation. However, despite the variety of spelling patterns in English, there are dozens of rules that are 75% or more reliable. There is also debate about 'meaning-focused' learning and 'correction-focused' learning.
Supporters for the former think that using speech as the way to explain is more important. However, supporters of the latter do not agree with that and instead think that grammar and correct habit is more important. Technology [ ] Language has a very significant role in our lives. It symbolizes the cultures in our societies where individuals interact and use it to communicate between each other. The development of transportation has influenced to be more practical where people need to interact and share common interests. However, communication is the key power to facilitate interactions among individuals which would provide them with stronger relationships.
In places like the United States where plays a role in social, economic and cultural aspects, there is an increase in the number of new immigrants yearly. 'The number of non-native English speaking children in U.S.
Public continues to rise dramatically. Although many non-English speakers tend to practice English classes in their countries before they migrate to any anglophone country to make it easier for them to interact with the people, many of them still struggle when they experience the reality of communicating with a real anglophone. Therefore, society forces them to improve their communication skills as soon as possible. Immigrants cannot afford to waste time learning to speak English especially for those who come with certain financial issues.
Download Google Chrome For Nokia N95 8gb. The most common choice people make to build up their skills is to take some ESL classes. There are many steps that need to be followed in order to be successful in this aspect. However, the use of new makes the learning process more convenient, reliable and productive. Computers have made an entry into education in the past decades and have brought significant benefits to teachers and students alike. Computers help learners by making them more responsible for their own learning. Studies have shown that one of the best ways of improving one's learning ability is to use a computer where all the information one might need can be found. In today's, a computer is one of a number of systems which help learners to improve their language.
(CALL) is a system which aids learners to improve and practice language skills. It provides a stress-free environment for learners and makes them more responsible. Computers can provide help to the ESL learners in many different ways such as teaching students to learn a new language. The computer can be used to test students about the language they already learn. It can assist them in practicing certain tasks.
The computer permits students to communicate easily with other students in different places. Nowadays the increasing use of mobile technology, such as smartphones and tablet computers, has led to a growing usage applications created to facilitate language learning, such as The Phrasal Verbs Machine from Cambridge. In terms of online materials, there are many forms of online materials such as blogs, wikis, webquest. For instance, blogs can allow English learners to voice their opinions, sharpen their writing skills and build their confidence. However, some who are introverted may not feel comfortable sharing their ideas on the blog. Class wikis can be used to promote collaborative learning through sharing and co-constructing knowledge.
Its vitally important to remember that on-line materials are still just materials and thus need to be subject to the same scrutiny of evaluation as any other language material or source. The learning ability of language learners can be more reliable with the influence of a. Learners tend to carry or are required to have a dictionary which allows them to learn independently and become more responsible for their own work. In these modern days, education has upgraded its methods of teaching and learning with dictionaries where digital materials are being applied as tools.
Electronic dictionaries are increasingly a more common choice for ESL students. Most of them contain native-language equivalents and explanations, as well as definitions and example sentences in English. They can speak the English word to the learner, and they are easy to carry around. However, they are expensive and easy to lose, so students are often instructed to put their names on them. Varieties of English [ ] • The (and other parts of the ) exhibits significant differences by region and class, noticeable both in (pronunciation) and in (vocabulary and grammar).
• The numerous communities of English native speakers in also have some noticeable differences. • English has no organization that controls a of the language – unlike the, 's, or 's. Teaching English therefore involves not only helping the student to use the form of English most suitable for their purposes, but also exposure to regional forms and cultural styles so that the student will be able to discern meaning even when the words, grammar, or pronunciation are different from the form of English they are being taught to speak.
Some professionals in the field have recommended incorporating information about non-standard forms of English in ESL programs. For example, in advocating for classroom-based instruction in (also known as Ebonics), linguist Richard McDorman has argued, 'Simply put, the ESL syllabus must break free of the longstanding intellectual imperiousness of the standard to embrace instruction that encompasses the many 'Englishes' that learners will encounter and thereby achieve the culturally responsive pedagogy so often advocated by leaders in the field.' Social challenges and benefits [ ] Class placement [ ] ESL students often suffer from the effects of and.
Students are often placed into low ability groups based on scores on in English and Math. There is also low mobility among these students from low to high performing groups, which can prevent them from achieving the same academic progress as. Similar tests are also used to place ESL students in college level courses. Students have voiced frustration that only non-native students have to prove their language skills, when being a native speaker in no way guarantees college level academic literacy. Studies have shown that these tests can cause different passing rates among linguistic groups regardless of high school preparation. Dropout rates [ ] rates for ESL students in multiple countries are much higher than dropout rates for native speakers.
The (NCES) in the United States reported that the percentage of dropouts in the non-native born youth population between the ages of 16 and 24 years old is 43.4%. A study in found that the high school dropout rate for all ESL students was 74%. High dropout rates are thought to be due to difficulties ESL students have in keeping up in mainstream classes, the increasing number of ESL students who enter middle or high school with interrupted prior formal education, and accountability systems. The accountability system in the US is due to the. Schools that risk losing funding, closing, or having their principals fired if test scores are not high enough begin to view students that do not perform well on standardized tests as liabilities. Because dropouts actually increase a school's performance, critics claim that administrators let poor performing students slip through the cracks.
A study of schools operating under No Child Left Behind found that 80% of ESL students did not graduate from high school in five years. Access to higher education [ ] ESL students face several barriers to. Most and require four years of English in high school. In addition, most colleges and universities only accept one year of ESL English.
It is difficult for ESL students that arrive in the United States relatively late to finish this requirement because they must spend a longer time in ESL English classes in high school, or they might not arrive early enough to complete four years of English in high school. This results in many ESL students not having the correct to apply for college, or enrolling in to finish the required courses. ESL students can also face additional financial barriers to higher education because of their language skills. Those that don't place high enough on college placement exams often have to enroll in ESL courses at their universities. These courses can cost up to $1,000 extra, and can be offered without credit towards graduation.
This adds additional financial stress on ESL students that often come from families of lower. The latest statistics show that the for school-age ESL students is $36,691 while that of non-ESL students is $60,280. [ ] College tuition has risen sharply in the last decade, while family income has fallen. In addition, while many ESL students receive a, the maximum grant for the year 2011–2012 covered only about a third of the cost of college. Interaction with native speakers [ ] ESL students often have difficulty interacting with native speakers in school. Some ESL students avoid interactions with native speakers because of their frustration or embarrassment at their poor English. Students often also lack knowledge of, which limits their conversations with native speakers to academic topics.
In classroom group activities with native speakers, ESL students often do not participate, again because of embarrassment about their English, but also because of cultural differences: their native cultures may value silence and individual work at school in preference to social interaction and talking in class. These interactions have been found to extend to teacher–student interactions as well. In most classrooms, teacher-led discussion is the most common form of lesson.
In this setting, some ESL students will fail to participate, and often have difficulty understanding teachers because they talk too fast, do not use visual aids, or use native. ESL students also have trouble getting involved with with native speakers for similar reasons. Students fail to join extra-curricular activities because of the, cultural emphasis of academics over other activities, or failure to understand traditional pastimes in their new country.
Social benefits [ ] Supporters of ESL programs claim they play an important role in the formation of peer networks and adjustment to school and society in their new homes. Having class among other students learning English as a second language relieves the pressure of making mistakes when speaking in class or to. ESL programs also allow students to be among others who appreciate their native language and, the expression of which is often not supported or encouraged in mainstream settings.
ESL programs also allow students to meet and form friendships with other non-native speakers from different cultures, promoting racial and. Peer Tutoring for ESL students [ ] Peer tutoring refers to an instructional method that pairs up low-achieving English readers, with students that know minimal English and who are also approximately the same age and same grade level. The goal of this dynamic is to help both the tutor, in this case the English speaker, and the tutee, the student. Tutors are given the class material in order to provide tutoring to their assigned tutee. Once the tutor has had the chance to help the student, classmates get to switch roles in order to give both peers an opportunity to learn from each other. In a study, which conducted a similar research, their results indicated that low-achieving readers that were chosen as tutors, made a lot of progress by using this procedure.
In addition, ESL students were also able to improve their grades due to the fact that they increased their approach in reading acquisition skills. Importance [ ] Since there is not enough funding to afford tutors, and teachers find it hard to educate all students who have different learning abilities, it is highly important to implement peer-tutoring programs in schools. Students placed in program learn together along with other non-English speakers, however by using peer tutoring in classroom it will avoid the separation between regular English classes and classes. These programs will promote community between students that will be helping each other grow academically. To further support this statement, a study researched the effectiveness of peer tutoring and explicit teaching in classrooms. It was found that students with and low performing students who are exposed to the explicit teaching and peer tutoring treatment in the classroom, have better academic performance than those students who don’t receive this type of assistance. It was proven that peer tutoring is the most effective and no cost form of teaching Benefits [ ] It has been proven that peer-mediated tutoring is an effective tool to help students succeed academically.
Peer tutoring has been utilized across many different academic courses and the outcomes for those students that have different learning abilities are outstanding. Classmates who were actively involved with other peers in tutoring had better academic standing than those students who were not part of the tutoring program. Based on their results, researchers found that all English student learners were able to maintain a high percentage of English academic words on weekly tests taught during tutoring session. It was also found that the literature on the efficacy of peer tutoring service combined with regular classroom teaching, is the best methodology practice that is effective, that benefits students, teachers, and parents involved. Research on peer English immersion tutoring [ ] Similarly, a longitudinal study was conducted to examine the effects of paired bilingual program and an English-only reading program with Spanish speaking English learners in order to increase students’ English reading outcomes. Students whose primary language was Spanish and were part of program were participants of this study.
Three different approaches were the focus in which immersing students in English from the very beginning and teaching them reading only in that language; teaching students in Spanish first, followed by English; and teaching students to read in Spanish and English simultaneously. This occurs through a strategic approach such as structured English immersion or sheltered instruction. Findings showed that the paired bilingual reading approach appeared to work as well as, or better than, the English-only reading approach in terms of reading growth and results.
Researchers found differences in results, but they also varied based on several outcomes depending on the student’s learning abilities and academic performance. ESL teacher's training [ ] Teachers in an class are specifically trained in particular techniques and tools to help students learn English. In fact, research says that the quality of their teaching methods is what matters the most when it comes to educating English learners.
It was also mentioned how it is highly important for teachers to have the drive to help these students succeed and 'feel personal responsibility.' It is important to highlight the idea that the school system needs to focus on school-wide interventions in order to make an impact and be able to help all English learners.
There is a high need for comprehensive professional development for teachers in the ESL program. Effects of peer tutoring on the achievement gap [ ] Although peer tutoring has been proven to be an effective way of learning that engages and promotes in students, does it have an effect on the?
It is an obvious fact that there is a large academic performance disparity between White, Black, and Latino students, and it continues to be an issue that has to be targeted. In an article it was mentioned that no one has been able to identify the true factors that cause this discrepancy. However it was mentioned that by developing effective peer tutoring programs in schools could be a factor that can potentially decrease the in the United States.
Exams for learners [ ]. See also: Learners of English are often eager to get accreditation and a number of exams are known internationally: • (International English Language Testing System) is the world's most popular English test for higher education and immigration. It is managed by the, and a consortium of Australian institutions, and is offered in general and academic versions. IELTS Academic is the normal test of English proficiency for entry into universities in the UK, Australia, Canada and other countries.
IELTS General is required for immigration into Australia and New Zealand. Both versions of IELTS are accepted for all classes of UK visa and immigration applications. Also, a new Speaking and Listening test, IELTS Life Skills, was introduced in 2015 specifically to meet the requirements for some classes of UK visa application. •, a collaboration between the and offer a suite of American English tests, including the MET (Michigan English Test), the (Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency), (Michigan English Language Assessment Battery), CaMLA EPT (English Placement Test), YLTE (Young Learners Test of English), ECCE and ECPE. • (Test of English as a Foreign Language), an product, developed and used primarily for academic institutions in the USA, and now widely accepted in tertiary institutions in Canada, New Zealand, Australia, the UK, South Korea, and Ireland. The current test is an Internet-based test, and is thus known as the TOEFL iBT. Used as a proxy for.
• (International Test of English Proficiency), developed by former President Perry Akins' Boston Educational Services, and used by colleges and universities such as the system. ITEP Business is used by companies, organizations and governments, and iTEP SLATE (Secondary Level Assessment Test of English) is designed for middle and high school-age students. • (Pearson Test of English Academic), a product, measures reading, writing, speaking and listening as well as grammar, oral fluency, pronunciation, spelling, vocabular and written discourse. The test is computer-based and is designed to reflect international English for academic admission into any university requiring English proficiency. • (Test of English for International Communication), an Educational Testing Service product for used by 10,000 organizations in 120 countries. Includes a listening and reading test as well as a speaking and writing test introduced in selected countries beginning in 2006. • offers the Integrated Skills in English (ISE) series of 5 exams which assesses reading, writing, speaking and listening and is accepted by academic institutions in the UK.
They also offer Graded Examinations in Spoken English (GESE), a series of 12 exams, which assesses speaking and listening, and ESOL Skills for Life and ESOL for Work exams in the UK only. • offers a suite of eighteen globally available examinations including General English: (KET), (PET), (FCE), (CAE) and (CPE). • from, a series of six exams each mapped to a level from the. • • (Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency), is a language certificate measuring a students English ability as a second or foreign language. Its primary purpose is to assess a learner's English language ability at an academic or advanced business level.
• (Business Language Test), Many countries also have their own exams. ESOL learners in England, Wales and Northern Ireland usually take the national qualifications, which are offered by several. EFL learners in may take the, the Test for English Majors (TEM), and/or the (PETS). People in Taiwan often take the (GEPT). In Greece English students may take the PALSO (PanHellenic Association of Language School Owners) exams. The Common European Framework [ ].
Main article: Between 1998 and 2000, the 's division developed its. The aim of this framework was to have a common system for foreign language testing and certification, to cover all European languages and countries. The Common European Framework (CEF) divides language learners into three levels: • A.
Basic User • B. Independent User • C. Proficient User Each of these levels is divided into two sections, resulting in a total of six levels for testing (A1, A2, B1, etc.).
See also: Note that some of the terms below may be restricted to one or more countries, or may be used with different meanings in different countries, particularly the US and UK. See further discussion is above.
Types of English [ ] • BE – • EAL – English as an additional language • EAP – • EFL – English as a foreign language • EIL – English as an (see main article at ) • ELF – English as a, a common language that is not the mother tongue of any of the participants in a discussion • ELL – English language learner • ELT – English language teaching • ESL – English as a second language • ESOL – English for speakers of other languages • ESP –, or English for special purposes (e. Samsung Laptop Network Controller Driver Download. g. Technical English, scientific English, English for medical professionals, English for waiters) • EST – English for science and technology (e.g. Technical English, scientific English) • TEFL –. This link is to a page about a subset of TEFL, namely travel-teaching. More generally, see the discussion in. • TESL – Teaching English as a second language • TESOL – Teaching English to speakers of other languages, or Teaching English as a second or other language.
Also the short name for TESOL International Association. • TYLE – Teaching Young Learners English. Note that 'Young Learners' can mean under 18, or much younger.
Other abbreviations [ ] • BULATS – Business Language Testing Services, a computer-based test of business English, produced by CambridgeEsol. The test also exists for French, German, and Spanish. • CELT – Certificate in English Language Teaching, certified by the National Qualifications Authority of Ireland (ACELS). • – Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults • – Certificate in English Language Teaching to Young Learners • – Diploma in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages • – Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English • – International English Language Testing System • – London Tests of English by • OLTE- Online Language Teacher Education • – Test of English as a Foreign Language • – Test of English for International Communication • – Local Examinations Syndicate, an exam board See also [ ].
TOEFL Practice Test: A TOEFL Sample Test from Magoosh Everyone knows that the best way to prepare yourself for your is to practice. But, as an experienced student, you also know that your practice must include more than just sets of questions. You must also prepare for the format, timing, and pacing of the TOEFL exam. The best way to do this is to take a TOEFL practice test. You may be surprised to learn, however, that ETS (the company that makes the TOEFL) does not provide an official, full-length TOEFL sample test for students. But, don’t worry!
We are here to help. Magoosh’s TOEFL Experts created a TOEFL Practice Test just for you. Plus, we put together a list of many other free TOEFL practice resources to help you study for test day. Table of Contents This article is organized to guide you through your TOEFL practice. If you’re ready to see Magoosh’s free TOEFL Sample Test, to jump ahead.
Otherwise, here’s a guide to what you can expect in this post: • • • • Do I need to take a practice test? It is very important to take a TOEFL sample test (or two!) before your test day. This will help you get used to moving from section to section, and will help you learn to switch gears from reading to listening to speaking to writing. The TOEFL exam is long and you don’t get much time to rest. You need to train your body and mind to be able to sit and take a strenuous exam. Taking timed, full-length (or slightly shortened) TOEFL tests will help you do this.
Why should I take a TOEFL practice test? Are you still not convinced that taking a TOEFL practice test is a good use of your study time? Listen to this: Not only are practice tests good for improving your stamina, but they are also a great way to discover your strengths and weaknesses, and understand where (and why) you make mistakes.
Are you good at English spelling, but find speaking in English challenging? Can you easily do well on the essay, but need to improve your reading comprehension skills?
Are you a beginner asking yourself, “What is the TOEFL test, anyway?” A TOEFL mock-test answers these questions by showing your strengths and weaknesses, and allowing you to turn those weaknesses into strengths! When should I take a practice test? That depends on how long you have until your TOEFL test date. Ask yourself these questions: Are you preparing for a TOEFL that’s away or away? Have you already taken a test or are you just starting to study?
If you have a long time to study, then you can plan to fit in a few extra practice tests along the way. However, if you have at least one month to study for your TOEFL, we recommend taking: • 1 practice test at the beginning of your prep to assess your baseline skill level • 1-2 practice tests during your TOEFL prep to measure your progress • 1 practice test at the end of your TOEFL prep to assess your current score and measure it against your goal score After your final practice test, take some time to review and refine the skills that need last-minute help. What is a good TOEFL practice test? A good (high-quality) TOEFL practice test will feature questions of the same style and difficulty that you’ll encounter on test day. It will have clear answers and helpful explanations for each question. Scoring a good practice test will be easy, and directions to convert your score into the 1-30 scale for each section will be simple to understand. Overall, you need your TOEFL sample test to provide the most authentic exam experience possible.
Where can I find TOEFL practice tests? You now know why and when to take a TOEFL practice test, but do you know where to find a good TOEFL iBT practice test? There seem to be many floating around the internet, but you’ll want to use only trusted, high-quality resources in order to really improve your score. This is where the free Magoosh TOEFL Practice test comes in!
Magoosh’s Free TOEFL Practice Test It can be hard to find quality materials online, especially if you want a free sample test. That’s why we’re proud to share one of the best free TOEFL practice tests out there: Magoosh’s TOEFL Sample Test!
This printable PDF includes an abbreviated version of a TOEFL test. As you know, the TOEFL is formatted in four sections, each of which tests one language skill—reading, listening, speaking, and writing. In this PDF, you’ll find a shortened version of each section. A full-length TOEFL iBT test takes about 4 hours. This free sample test is shorter; it will take about 2 hours to complete, because it is near half of a full TOEFL test. Ready to see this new resource?
How to Use The Magoosh TOEFL Sample Test Before each set of questions, we’ve provided directions for that section—be sure to read them! The best way to use this PDF is to first answer all of the questions, and then check those answers with the answer key at the end. You’ll see that there are also links to explanation videos for some questions, in case an answer is confusing. We highly recommend watching these videos! Well, once you have finished reviewing your practice test, you will have a tally of which questions you answered correctly and which questions you answered incorrectly.
The only way to improve your TOEFL score is to understand why you are making mistakes and missing questions. That way, you can learn from your mistakes and avoid making the same errors on the real test. Watching explanation videos will help you learn from your mistakes. If you notice that you missed some questions that don’t have explanation videos, don’t fret! All of these practice questions come from the. If you like what you see in the practice test, be sure to.
🙂 How to Score Your Magoosh TOEFL Sample Test At the end of the sample test PDF, we’ve included an answer key. To estimate your score, you’ll need to add up the points you’ve earned in each section (this will be your raw score). Then, you’ll find a conversion chart that will estimate what score you’d receive on a real TOEFL (on a scale from 0-30).
For the Speaking and Writing sections, we’ve included instructions to help you grade your responses. We hope you like Magoosh’s TOEFL Practice Test! If you’re interested in other free TOEFL practice from Magoosh, just keep reading.
Magoosh Free TOEFL Practice Questions In addition to the practice test, Magoosh offers a series of free practice questions that are not in test form. Like the (more on those in a minute) come in PDF form. However, if you use this question set as instructed, you can still get a very good feel for the test, even without audio or software.
This PDF comes with detailed instructions before each set. At the end, there are in-depth explanations for every question and answer. We’ve done all we can to pack tons of useful information into this PDF.
Sections include: • Reading Section Questions • Listening Section Questions • Speaking Section Questions • Writing Section Questions With these instructions and answer explanations, we take the basic format of the TOEFL iBT Test questions described below, and then bring that format to a higher, more TOEFL-like level. Magoosh Online TOEFL Preparation If you like Magoosh’s free practice test and sample questions, then we recommend signing up for a Magoosh TOEFL plan.
Not only does offer additional practice tests, but it also packs a lot of extra perks into its product. Magoosh TOEFL includes video explanations for practice questions, video lessons on top TOEFL concepts and strategies, and expert insights are just a few of the supplementary materials included in the Magoosh TOEFL prep. Use it with Magoosh’s free TOEFL products—like the free sample test and —to take your TOEFL prep to the next level. Each practice test is easy to use, with a clean design so you won’t get lost in the software! Plus, our student help team is here to answer your questions via email if you ever get really confused by the material. Free TOEFL Practice Tests If you’re studying for a long time, then you will probably want even more TOEFL practice. So, in addition to the Magoosh resources that we’ve already mentioned, we put together a collection of other free TOEFL practice tests!
Skip down to our review of a certain TOEFL sample test by clicking a link from the navigation bar below, or continue scrolling down to read our reviews of all of them. • • • • ETS’s Interactive TOEFL Sample Test The is a great resource for free TOEFL test practiceif you use Windows, that is.
If you have a Mac, this program won’t work for you as it’s currently Windows-only. The software is created to simulate to a real TOEFL, and is almost a full test, including: • Three Reading tasks (equal to one whole reading section) • Two Listening tasks (equal to ⅓ of a section) • Three Speaking tasks (½ of a section) • Two Writing tasks (one whole section) In addition to the content listed above, there are also sample responses for the speaking and writing questions—great additional help. TOEFL iBT Test Questions With no audio recordings, no software, and no answer explanations, the is the least helpful set of TOEFL prep questions.
And—since it’s just a PDF—you won’t get the same experience as if you were to use prep software or even an app. Included in iBT Test Questions, you’ll find you’ll find: • One Reading task (⅓ of a section) • Three Listening tasks (½ of a section) • Six Speaking tasks (one whole section) • Two Writing tasks (one whole section) That gives you one of every type of question that’s on the TOEFL, although it’s not a very test-like experience. If you want to mimic a real practice test for free, try the Magoosh TOEFL sample test listed above instead. ETS Quick Prep: The Big, Free Official TOEFL Sample Test There are that ETS calls “.” But this time, there’s audio! Well, there is audio for two of the PDFs. Each of the four PDFs is almost perfectly a half of a test: • One Reading task (⅓) • Three Listening tasks (½) • Three Speaking tasks (½) • One Writing task (½) • BONUS: Magoosh has created additional unofficial audio for and. This audio covers all of the lectures in the first two PDFs.
If you do and, which both have audio, you almost do a full practice test, minus one Reading task. You can add in a Reading task from either or and get a full-length test. But there is still one big difference between Quick Prep and a real TOEFL practice test: there is no software to show you the real look and feel of the test. That means you don’t have a timer for any of the TOEFL section.
And in Listening, you are also able to look at questions during a lecture (not possible on the real TOEFL). Don’t get me wrong—Quick Prep is very useful.
But with these questions, you simply don’t have the same experience and feeling that you’d have on a full TOEFL exam. So if you’re new to the TOEFL, don’t start with Quick Prep. Instead, start with a shorter practice test from the Interactive Sampler so that you can get a feel for the software and do some light warmup practice.
Then, if you want to try a full, four-hour test, you can combine the Quick Prep material to create one. (Again, keep in mind the differences between Quick Prep and real TOEFL software, of course!) The Official TOEFL Online Course ETS sponsors a free official online TOEFL prep class that comes with an almost complete set of practice TOEFL questions. The course,, is hosted on the EdX website. There are a few disadvantages to the test materials in this course. The most obvious downside is that you have to register for the class, wait for the class’s start date, and follow a course schedule.
After the class starts, the practice materials aren’t released all at once. You get your Reading section in week 2, Listening in week 3, speaking in week 4, and Writing in week 5. The class is offered several times a year, but the timing may or may not fit with your TOEFL prep. You also don’t get any test-like software through the EdX program, although the course does include videos that give you a look at real TOEFL software. Still, this is a very good official practice test in many ways. You get complete sections for Reading, Speaking and Listening.
You do only get half of a TOEFL Listening section. But there is one of each of the three kinds of TOEFL Listening audio tracks (conversation, lecture, and class discussion). So you get a real feel for TOEFL Listening, even without the complete set of 6 tracks. Another advantage to this free, almost-full TOEFL test is that it’s taken from TOEFL Practice Online (TPO). Normally, TPO is quite expensive!
(See our entry on TPO later in this article.) Paid Practice Tests If you are able to spend a little money on TOEFL resources, then your first stop should be. After that, if you’re looking for more resources, we recommend trying the ones listed below: • • • The Official Guide to the TOEFL Although it may lack skill-building materials and the amount of practice materials it contains, ETS’s is the most accurate guidebook out there. After all, it’s written by the same company that makes the test! The book includes three full-length tests and a CD of test software, so you can take the tests authentically. The first test is a little older, and isn’t a perfect representation of the current TOEFL iBT. Still, only small details are different; the first test is still extremely similar, and is good practice.
The second and third tests are almost exactly the same as current iBT tests. The software is also very similar to what you will see on test day. Official TOEFL iBT Test (Volumes 1 & 2) The tests in the Official Guide aren’t the only ones available for cheap. There are five more full-length TOEFL tests in a two-volume set called. There is one small disadvantage to these tests: if you buy the 1st edition of, the exams are only on paper, with CD audio tracks; you don’t get computer software. Similar to Quick Prep, you can’t get a perfect practice test experience from this older edition of Official TOEFL iBT Tests. However, the 2nd edition of comes with a CD that’s very similar to the CD for the Official Guide.
It has the five practice tests from this book, all on the same software as the Official Guide. And again, that software is good, but not perfect. Volume 2 is pretty much the same as volume 1 (2nd ed.) in structure and design, but the questions are different. Since the questions in this second volume are newly released, they’re more similar in content to the current TOEFL itself.
TOEFL Practice Online (TPO) Test Every year, ETS sells a new set of past TOEFL tests online. These tests are called. Each TPO test is basically a full-length TOEFL on your home computer (Windows only). They’re the best practice tests you can buy, and they give you a score, unlike many of the options above. But there are very big downsides: • They’re $45 each. You can buy both volumes of Official TOEFL iBT Tests, getting TEN full tests instead of one for a similar price.
• You can’t take them twice. After you finish a test, it’s done.
• Despite the price, Speaking and Writing are only computer-graded. The Speaking grader is terrible, and the scoring software for Writing could be far better. You cannot trust its score. I don’t recommend taking a TPO unless all of these are true of you, personally: • You have never taken the real TOEFL before (with official scores) or a TPO before.
• You have enough money that the price is comfortable for you. • You become very stressed during tests like the TOEFL, and it usually hurts your score. In other words, can give you practice with test anxiety, because it’s very similar to the real test. But for the most part, they’re not worthwhile because the tests in ETS books are better priced.
We hope that you find all of these TOEFL resources helpful! Please let us know if you have any questions as you work through the Magoosh sample test.
And remember: if you sign up for, you will have access to email support from our team! Happy Studying! This post was updated on 5/2/2017, with help and information from,, and.