Fort Richardson Show map of the US Nearest city Coordinates: Area 42 acres (17 ha) Built 1867 ( 1867) NRHP reference # TSAL # Significant dates Added to NRHP October 15, 1966 Designated NHL November 27, 1963 Designated TSHS 1968 Designated TSAL January 1, 1983 Fort Richardson was a installation located one mile (1.6 km) south of. Named in honor of Union General, who died in the during the, it was active from 1867 to 1878. Today the site is called Fort Richardson State Park, Historic Site & Lost Creek Reservoir State Trailway. Contents • • • • • • History [ ] As much as any frontier army installation, Fort Richardson was responsible for the Anglo settlement in north central. It was one installation in a system of to protect and encourage settlement in north central and. Other forts in the frontier fort system were Forts,,,,,,,,,, and in Texas, and in. There were 'sub posts or intermediate stations' including Bothwick's Station on Salt Creek between Fort Richardson and Fort Belknap, Camp Wichita near Buffalo Springs between Fort Richardson and, and Mountain Pass between Fort Concho and Fort Griffin.
The original was ordered for a location near in approximately 20 miles (32 km) north of Fort Richardson. The location proved untenable and unfit for the establishment of a semi-permanent installation. The area lacked timber, adequate water resources, and was still completely hostile territory, with often wreaking havoc in the area. In 1862, the entire town of, northwest of Buffalo Springs, was abandoned because of the lack of security. In short, the area was more than inhospitable. As a result, the moved south to the present location of Fort Richardson. In 1867, construction began by the on the 300-acre (120 ha) site along 'Lost Creek, a small tributary of the West Fork of the ', at a cost of $800,000, and occupied on 26 November.
It became the anchor of the frontier fort system, and the last army outpost in north Texas along the military road to Fort Sill. 'Originally a five company post, it was expanded.to accommodate ten or more companies' so that in 1872, with a population of 666 officers and men, it was listed as the largest U.S. Army installation in the United States. The old-time cowboy author spent time at Fort Richardson in 1872 while he had come to Jacksboro on a cattle drive. Units that occupied the fort included the,, and the U.S.
AND CONSTRUCTION OF UNDERGROUND UTILITY INSTALLATIONS. WITHIN STATE HIGHWAY. Permittee shall monitor the worksite for indications of settlement or displacement of highway embankment. And hold harmless the State. NYSDOT, their officers and employees for damages resulting from the failure to.
11th Infantry Regiment, along with elements of the and, both regiments. Life was hard for a soldier at Fort Richardson, and routine duties included long, arduous patrols along the Texas frontier from and counties west to near present-day. Battles with and became commonplace as the cavalry and infantry units sought to prove their ability to repel Indian attacks and allow settlement. In 1871 while on a tour of the frontier fort system, General stayed at Fort Richardson and narrowly missed the.
Once General Sherman arrived at Fort Sill, he arrested Kiowa chiefs and Big Tree and had them sent to Jacksboro to stand for their role in the massacre. In July 1871, they were tried, convicted, and sentenced to death, which was later commuted to life in prison. They were the first Indians tried and convicted in the Texas civil court system. Following these events, General Sherman authorized the commander of the Fourth Cavalry, Colonel, to begin offensive operations against Comanches and Kiowas in the. One of these scouting parties fought the in September 1874, an absolute U.S victory that ended the with 's Comanches and 's Kiowas. The cavalry captured so much of the tribes' provisions that they were forced to move back to the reservations in Oklahoma before winter. This battle and the total victory for MacKenzie's forces were largely responsible for the end to Comanche and Kiowa raiding along the Texas northern frontier.
Abandonment and Reuse [ ] Following this decisive victory, the army no longer saw a need to maintain Fort Richardson and abandoned the post on May 23, 1878. 'It was used as an Indian school for a short time afterwards'. The 55 buildings, many made of stone and cottonwood lumber, fell into disrepair. Driver Cap Sewing Pattern.
Thanks to an intrepid group of Jacksboro residents, the fort was declared a state historic site in 1963 and came under the management of the. In 1968 extensive renovations began and in 1973, the fort reopened as the Fort Richardson State Historic Park. Dell D400 Video Driver Windows 7 more. Today the site is called Fort Richardson State Park, Historic Site & Lost Creek Reservoir State Trailway. Visitors can tour seven restored original buildings, including the post hospital, officers' quarters,,,, and bakery. There are also two replica buildings of the enlisted men's and the officer's barracks, which houses the Interpretive Center.
Guided tours of the buildings are held daily. Gallery [ ] •. • (2010-07-09).. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
• Staff (June 2011). National Park Service. Retrieved December 17, 2017. • ^ Carter, R.G., On the Border with Mackenzie, 1935, Washington D.C.: Enyon Printing Co., p.
48 • Carter, R.G., On the Border with Mackenzie, 1935, Washington D.C.: Enyon Printing Co., p. Retrieved 2008-08-30. •, Cowboy's Lament: A Life on the Open Range (:, 2010), p. Retrieved 2008-08-30. Retrieved 2009-02-08. External links [ ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to.